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Norwegian history timeline | From the ice ages until today

In today's Norway, human history began some 12,000 years ago, after the end of the ice ages. In this post, we list the main historical eras between then and now.
How Norway emerged after the latest ice age. From the Geiranger fjord. | © saiko3p - stock.adobe.com.

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Introduction

Historians divide the thousands of years between the beginning of time and today into sub-periods, characterised by how people lived, and the cultures that developed.

Below, please find a list of these main historical eras.

Note that the Scandinavian historical periods may differ from similarly named periods in other parts of the world.

The historical eras

The ice ages
115,000 – 9500 BC

The Early Stone age
9500 – 4000 BC

The Later Stone age
4000 – 1700 BC

The Bronze age
1700 – 500 BC

Pre-Roman Iron age
500 BC – AD 0

The Roman age
AD 0 – 400

The Migration period
AD 400 – 500

The Merovingian age
AD 550 – 800

The Viking age
AD 800 – 1050

The High Middle Ages
AD 1050 – 1350

The Late Middle Ages
AD 1350 – 1500

The Church-state
AD 1500 – 1660

Absolute monarchy
AD 1660 – 1780

Constitution and a new union
AD 1780 – 1830

Building the state and nation
AD 1830 – 1870

Industrialisation and democracy
AD 1870 – 1914

World War I and the interwar period
AD 1914 – 1940

World War II
AD 1940 – 1945

Welfare state and the western alliance
AD 1945 – 1970

Oil age and abundance
AD 1970 – today

(Universitet i Bergen, n.d.) (Universitet i Oslo, n.d.) (Store norske leksikon, n.d.) | MNR.00002

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